8 Diseases Descendants

8 Diseases Descendants

There are some diseases that derivative is automatically lowered to the child or the next generation, namely:

1. Haemophilia
Haemophilia is one instance of disease due to deficiency of blood clotting factor 8 or 9. Commands have blood clots in the X chromosome, so hemophilia patients are mostly men. Because the majority of women as carriers only. The disease is difficult to prevent because every child has one sex chromosome from the mother and one sex chromosome from the father, hence the disease is always starting from the children. 
2. Color-blind
Color blindness is one of vision problems because of the inability to see the differences between some colors, the disease is inherited from the X chromosome genetic mutation Most of these diseases due to genetic factors, but there's also caused damage to the eyes, nerves or brain due to certain chemicals. Mutation that causes color blindness if there are at least 19 different chromosomes and 56 different genes. This condition can occur when a child or an adult.

3. Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus have a strong relationship with the offspring. The disease is characterized by high blood sugar levels caused by insulin in the body that can not work optimally. Someone who has leukocyte antigens (human leukocyte antigen / HLA) in blood obtained from the parents will have a strong tendency to develop type 1 diabetes.

While type 2 diabetes is also a derivative of the disease which will appear in the next generation if there are other problems that accompany obesity, hypertension or an unhealthy lifestyle that interfere with the function of beta cells in his body.

4. Thalassemia
Thalassemia is a blood disorder due to hemoglobin in the blood very easily broken. This disease is genetically inherited when both parents are carriers properties (carrier). As a result of this blood disorder makes children look pale and must get regular blood transfusions for hemoglobin remained normal. Based on Mendel's laws if his mother as a carrier, then any chance of 25 percent of healthy children, 50 percent as the carrier, and 25 percent of infected thalassemia.

5. Baldness
As it is known that baldness is caused by many things, but one of them could also result from the genetic parents. If his father had suffered hair loss, then at least one of her children are experiencing hair loss caused by inherited genes.

Dr. Angela Christiano, professor of dermatology and genetics at Columbia University Medical Center discovered a gene that causes hair thinning and may even feel the effect when still a child. Unknown gene that causes hair follicles APCDD1 shrinking so that more and more hair thinning and balding.

6. Allergy
Most of the allergy is caused by heredity. If a parent has allergies talent, then there is a chance of about 70 percent of children will have allergies as well. But if only one person who is allergic, then this risk factor could be decreased by about 30 percent.

7. Albino
Albino is one disease that caused the child's derivatives containing an albino gene from the father and mother. Most people with an albino is born of parents who have the disorder in terms of production melaninnya, but in people carriers will not show signs of having an albino gene. If parents only as a carrier or have one albino gene, should not marry someone who has an albino.

8. Asthma
Asthma is one disease and it is known that the derivative of a stronger maternal factors to reduce asthma in children compared with the father factor. Asthma can occur when triggered by the presence of a nearby allergens. In addition about 30 percent of asthma is caused by the descendants of his parents. But in some people with asthma well controlled, can be lost when approaching adulthood.

 One way to prevent these diseases dropped to the next generation is to do a complete examination before marriage. Because of this examination will be known whether they have inherited the disease gene to their children later or not so they can be better prepared to face it.  

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